November 08, 2017

New Program Closes Gap in Addiction Treatment

A new program at Boston Medical Center's Grayken Center for Addiction is showing that connecting patients to addiction treatment when they are hospitalized for other conditions can be a powerful tool in closing a gap in addiction treatment. In fact, early results show that many of these patients continue treatment after they are discharged, underscoring the importance of reaching patients who might otherwise not get treatment for their addiction.

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Posted at 03:56 PM to the category Treatment Research

November 05, 2017

Teen Alcohol and Marijuana Use Lessens Life Success

Young adults dependent on marijuana and alcohol are less likely to achieve adult life goals, according to new research by UConn Health scientists presented at the American Public Health Association 2017 Annual Meeting & Expo.

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Posted at 11:35 PM to the category Alcohol Effects

September 29, 2017

Feds to Begin Testing Employees for Oxy

New federal mandatory guidelines for workplace drug testing will become effective on October 1, 2017, and will include the authority to test for four semi-synthetic opioids: oxycodone, oxymorphone, hydrocodone, and hydromorphone. These are prescription opioid pain medications that have commonly known names such as OxyContin, Vicodin, Percocet, Dilaudid, etc.

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Posted at 04:53 PM to the category Substance Abuse

September 18, 2017

Young Binge Drinkers Show Altered Brain Activity

Researchers have studied the brain activity of young binge-drinking college students in Spain, and found distinctive changes in brain activity, which may indicate delayed brain development and be an early sign of brain damage.

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Posted at 07:01 AM to the category Alcohol Effects

September 08, 2017

Daily Marijuana Use Raises Concerns

Health officials are concerned that the rates of daily marijuana use by college-age Americans have returned or exceeded previously high levels seen in the early 1980s, especially among a population whose brains are still not completely developed.

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Posted at 12:20 PM to the category Effects of Marijuana

September 07, 2017

About 137 Million Americans Drink Alcohol

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) results for 2016 have been release by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration indicating that 136.7 million American report themselves to be current alcohol drinkers.

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Posted at 02:21 PM to the category Alcoholism

September 06, 2017

Opioid Abuse Can Be Treated in Primary Care

A new model of collaborative care - combining substance abuse treatment with regular medical care - has been found to be more accessible, more effective and at a lower cost that traditional speciality care methods, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

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Posted at 07:45 PM to the category Treatment Research

August 29, 2017

Opioid Overdose Deaths Double in 7 Years

A study of the growing United States opioid epidemic reveals that deaths from overdoses have nearly doubled over the past seven years, while increasing acute care costs and hospitalizations are taxing health care systems.

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Posted at 08:39 AM to the category Substance Abuse

August 21, 2017

Peer Influence Doubles Teen Smoking Risk

Peer influence has long been known as a major risk factor for adolescent smoking, but findings have varied about how big the risk is or how this dynamic unfolds. A new, rigorous meta-analysis of 75 longitudinal teen smoking studies finds that having friends who smoke doubles the risk that children ages 10 to 19 will start smoking and continue smoking. It also found that peer influence is more powerful in collectivist cultures than in those where individualism is the norm.

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Posted at 12:22 PM to the category Tobacco

August 18, 2017

Smoking Can Increase Frailty in Older Adults

Smokers can greatly lower their risks of becoming frail as they grow older by quitting, even in old age. Old adults who smoke tobacco run a 60 percent greater risk of becoming frail in their later years.

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Posted at 07:29 AM to the category Tobacco

August 17, 2017

Some Prevention Efforts Can Actually Backfire

Some prevention campaigns aimed at stopping young drinkers from risky drinking habits can actually backfire if not worded properly.

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Posted at 09:50 AM to the category Prevention Efforts

August 16, 2017

Early Brain Injury Linked to Alcoholism

Researchers at Ohio State University have surveyed previous studies to investigate the relationship between traumatic brain injuries and alcohol abuse. They found evidence that traumatic brain injuries in children and adolescents could be a risk-factor for alcohol abuse in later life.

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Posted at 07:51 AM to the category Alcoholism

August 15, 2017

Intoxication Increases Risk of Domestic Violence

Intoxicated, heavy drinkers have a tendency to act rashly in response to negative emotions, which can intensify the risk for intimate partner aggression, according to a study by Georgia State University and Purdue University.

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Posted at 12:02 AM to the category Alcohol Effects

August 14, 2017

Quitting Smoking More Difficult for Some

Psychologists are finding some success with treatments aimed at helping smokers from underserved groups, including racial and ethnic minorities and those with psychiatric disorders.

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Posted at 03:45 AM to the category Tobacco

12 Steps Improve Youth Treatment Outcomes

A treatment program for adolescents with substance-use disorder that incorporates the practices and philosophy of 12-step programs like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) produced even better results than the current state-of-the art treatment approach in a nine-month, randomized trial.

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Posted at 03:40 AM to the category Treatment Research